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Social Science: Meaning, Branches, Resources

Last Updated : 07 Mar, 2024
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Social Science is a broad field of study that covers a wide range of disciplines, including anthropology, economics, geography, history, political science, psychology, and sociology. Social Scientists study the social and cultural aspects of human life, including our relationships with each other, our institutions, and our environment.

Social Science is important because it helps us to understand the social experience. By studying social and cultural phenomena, we can learn more about ourselves, our relationships with society, and the world around us. Social Science research is used to inform a wide range of decisions, including public policy, business strategy, and social program development.


Social Science

Branches of Social Science

Social scientists study a wide range of topics, including:


Branches of Social Science

  • Anthropology: The study of human societies and cultures, past and present.
  • Economics: The study of how people produce, distribute, and consume goods and services.
  • Geography: The study of the Earth’s surface, as well as the distribution of natural resources and the effects of human activity on the environment.
  • History: The study of past events and their impact on the present.
  • Political science: The study of government and politics, including the institutions, processes, and behaviors associated with political power and authority.
  • Psychology: The study of human behavior and mental processes.
  • Sociology: The study of human social behavior, especially the groups and institutions that shape it.

Divisions of Social Science

There are mainly four branches of Social Science mentioned below.

School Social Science

Below are the subject wise resources for School Social Science.


Political Science



SSC for Government Exams

Staff Selection Commission (SSC) covers a broad range of topics from history, geography, civics, and economics. The aim of the SSC section is to assess the candidate’s general knowledge and understanding of the world around them.




Finance and Economics


Social science is an important part of the UPSC syllabus, as it covers a wide range of topics that are relevant to the work of an IAS officer. These topics include:


Political Science



Multiple Answer Questions

Here are some multiple-answer questions (MAQs) related to different branches of social science:


Political Science



Careers in Social Science

There are many different career opportunities available to social science graduates. Social scientists may work in academia, government, business, or non-profit organizations. Some common job titles for social science graduates include:

  • Anthropologist
  • Economist
  • Geographer
  • Historian
  • Political scientist
  • Psychologist
  • Sociologist
  • Social worker
  • Policy analyst
  • Program manager
  • Researcher
  • Consultant

The Future of Social Science

Social Sciences is a ever-evolving field of study. As the world changes, social scientists are constantly adapting their research methods and theories to keep up with the changing times. In the future, social scientists will continue to play an important role in understanding and addressing the challenges facing our world.

Despite the challenges, the future of social science is bright. Social scientists are more connected than ever before, and there is a growing global community of scholars working together to address the challenges facing our world. Social science has the potential to make a real difference in the world, and it is an important field of study for anyone who wants to understand the human experience and make a positive impact on the world.

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Social Science – FAQs

What is Social Science?

Social Science is a field of study that explores human behavior, societies, and relationships using various disciplines like sociology, psychology, anthropology, economics, political science, and more.

How do Social Scientists conduct research?

Social Scientists employ various methodologies such as surveys, interviews, observations, experiments, statistical analyses, and case studies to gather data and draw conclusions.

What role does Social Science play in society?

Social Science offers valuable insights into social problems, cultural differences, political dynamics, economic trends, and human behavior, which are essential for informed decision-making and societal progress.

What are some examples of Social Science theories?

Examples include social learning theory in psychology, Marxist theory in sociology, rational choice theory in economics, and democratic theory in political science, among others.

How does Social Science differ from natural sciences?

Social Science focuses on human behavior, societies, and cultures, while natural sciences study natural phenomena and the physical world using empirical and experimental methods.

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