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CBSE Notes for Class 10 Physics 2023-24

Last Updated : 19 Dec, 2023
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CBSE Class 10 Physics Notes 2023-24 is a comprehensive guide for CBSE Class 10 students. The class 10 syllabus is designed to provide students with a strong foundation in the basic principles of physics, including motion, energy, light, electricity, and work that affect our lives, and to encourage them to think scientifically. Our Class 10 Physics Notes help students study smartly and get a clear picture of each and every concept discussed in their syllabus. The notes also contain neatly illustrated examples for quick revision of important topics from NCERT, as well as some sample questions to aid better understanding.

GeeksforGeeks has created a new approach to school learning. Physics has been among the crucial subjects of the Class 10 Science Syllabus. It helps students in improving their understanding of fascinating concepts. The following chapter-wise CBSE Class 10 Physics Notes consist of 5 chapters including Light, The Human Eye and the Colourful World, Electricity, Magnetic Effects of Electric Current, and Sources of Energy which are further equipped with various concepts, everyday life examples, conceptual questions, and numerical on the same, in order to understand better and solve problems easily. GeeksforGeeks prepared in-depth subject theory to have a solid foundation in Class 10 Physics. The below-listed articles are designed in such a way that you can study everything according to your NCERT textbook or reference books.

CBSE Notes for Class 10 Physics

Students can also check CBSE Class 10 Physics Notes for Other Chapters and educate themselves on various subjects through the following resources:

CBSE Class 10 Physics Notes 2023-24 Chapter List

CBSE Class 10 Physics Notes 2023-24 Chapter List

Chapter 1: Light
Chapter 2: The human eye and the colourful world
Chapter 3: Electricity
Chapter 4: Magnetic Effects of Electric Current
Chapter 5: Sources of Energy

CBSE Class 10 Physics Notes Chapter 1 – Light

The very first chapter in the Physics syllabus of Class 10 is Light. The chapter Light has also been studied in Class 8 also. The only difference between the topics discussed in Class 10 Notes is that, the vastness and depth of the study. Here we have covered the important topic of reflection and refraction and how to calculate the nature, position, image, and magnification generated by a spherical mirror. It also includes refraction of light via glass slab, the concept of refractive index, Spherical Lenses, Power of lens, and more. The following articles are listed below also include Solved Sample Questions that help to understand the topic better:

CBSE Class 10 Physics Notes Chapter 2 – The Human Eye and The Colourful World

The second chapter of Physics in the Class 10 Science book is about the human eye and the colourful world. The human eye is one of the most important and sensitive sense organs, that enable us to see the colourful world around us. This chapter helps us to understand how our eyes function and the different phenomena related to them. Therefore, our Class 10 Physics Notes cover the Importance of the eye, Defects of vision and their correction, Atmospheric refraction, Light refraction through the prism, Scattering of light, the Tyndall effect, and more. GeeksforGeeks Class 10 Physics Notes are equipped with a detailed explanation of the topics listed below along with the Sample Questions related to them for a better understanding of the concept:

CBSE Class 10 Physics Notes Chapter 3 – Electricity

Electricity is the third and the most crucial chapter of the Physics curriculum in Class 10 Science subjects. Electricity is the flow of electrical power or charge. CBSE Class 10 Physics Notes cover all the related topics of electricity in this chapter. Students can understand the electric current, electric potential, Ohm’s Law, and circuit with the help of a diagram. It also includes Resistance, factors on which the resistance depends, the system of resistors along with the heating effect of a current, commercial unit of electrical energy, and many more. The articles on the topics covered in this chapter are listed below, these articles cover all the major topics as well as subtopics covered in a reference or NCERT book, along with Sample Questions on each topic:

CBSE Class 10 Physics Notes Chapter 4 – Magnetic Effects of Electric Current

Magnetic Effects of Electric Current is also an important chapter in Class 10 Physics. This chapter helps to develop a basic understanding of Magnets and Magnetism. Magnetism is the property of attraction of small pieces of iron, So, Magnet is a material that has both attractive and repelling properties. Our Class 10 Physics Notes cover all the significant topics like magnetic field and field lines, the force on current-carrying conductors, etc. It also covers electric motors, electric generators, and domestic electric circuits in a detailed way with solved conceptual questions in the articles listed below:

CBSE Class 10 Physics Notes Chapter 5 – Sources of Energy

The fifth and last chapter in the Syllabus of Class 10 Physics is Sources of Energy. Energy is defined as the capacity of a body to do work. Therefore, it is required to store in a body to do more of the work. So, GeeksforGeeks Class 10 Physics Notes notes cover all the topics like energy, fossil fuels, conventional sources of energy, and more. Students can learn alternatives or non-conventional sources of energy in the articles listed below:


CBSE Class 10 Physics Notes is an essential tool for Class 10th Students for their Exam preparation. With our CBSE Science Notes, Students can easily focus on physics and Important NCERT topics and retain knowledge effectively. The well-crafted notes, with neat examples, provide a complete overview of All chapters for quick revision. By using our CBSE class 10 science notes, students can achieve higher marks in exams and experience a smooth learning journey.

FAQs on CBSE Class 10 Physics Notes

Q1. How do I get a good score in science class 10?

Following are some tips and tricks that will help the students in achieving a good percentage in their Class 10 Science exam:

  1. The first step toward getting good grades is to read and go through the syllabus.
  2. The most important thing to remember when studying for tests is to rely on self-study. Study by yourself and seek help from teachers if you have any doubts.
  3. Students must study from NCERT and reference books, which will help them understand various concepts and chapters.
  4. You cannot study for more than 4 – 5 hours at a time. As a result, it is best to study for 2–3 hours at a time, with short rests in between.

Q2. Is the NCERT book enough for CBSE Class 10 Science?

For Class 10 Science, CBSE recommends NCERT books. However, if you want to get full marks in Class 10 Science exams, you must go beyond the NCERT textbook. You’ll require thorough NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Science, as well as CBSE Notes for Class 10 Science, NCERT Exemplar solutions, practice papers, and crucial questions.

Q3. Are CBSE Class 10 Physics Notes sufficient for exam preparation?

CBSE Class 10 Physics Notes cover important topics and concepts related to the subject and can be useful study material for students preparing for their exams.

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