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CBSE Class 8 Syllabus 2024 (All Subjects PDF)

Last Updated : 10 Apr, 2024
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CBSE Class 8 syllabus is an important resource for students studying in Class 8. Class 8th is an important class in academics. The syllabus of class 8th contains some of the important topics asked in various competitive exams.

CBSE Class 8 Syllabus

CBSE class 8th syllabus 

GeeksforGeeks has curated the CBSE Class 8 Syllabus of all subjects. Also students can download CBSE Class 8 syllabus PDF of all subject below.

Students are advised to go through the complete syllabus of Class 8 before starting their preparation journey. This will help them to ace the class 8 exam as well as academics. Also having an understanding of CBSE Class 8 syllabus can help students to manage their time effectively.

Let’s take a detailed look at the CBSE Class 8th Syllabus 2024.

CBSE Class 8 Syllabus: Subject Wise

The CBSE Class 8 syllabus contains mainly 5 subjects. There are three language subjects. Hindi and English are compulsory languages. The third language subject (additional subject) could be one of the languages specified by CBSE. 

Below is the list of subjects in CBSE Class 8 syllabus.

SL. No

List of Subjects






Social Science




Artificial Intelligence

CBSE Class 8 Syllabus PDF

Click on the link below to download CBSE Class 8 Syllabus PDF of all subjects.

CBSE Class 8 Syllabus PDF

CBSE Class 8 Math Syllabus

Math is an important subject in class 8. There are 16 chapters in the NCERT syllabus for class 8. These chapters comprises numerical questions that require problem-solving and analytical thinking skills to answer. Mathematics takes a lot of practice to solve a variety of problems.

There are 16 chapters in the NCERT syllabus for class 8. To answer problems fast, students should remember Class 8 Maths formulas organized by GeeksforGeeks.

Below is the chapter wise syllabus of CBSE Class 8 Math.

Chapter 1: Rational Numbers

Chapter 2: Linear Equations in One Variable

Chapter 3: Understanding Quadrilaterals

Chapter 4: Practical Geometry

  • Introduction to Construction
  • Constructing a Quadrilateral
    1. When four sides and one diagonal given
    2. When two diagonals and three sides are given
    3. When two adjacent sides and three angles are given
    4. When three sides and two included angles are given
    5. When other special properties are known. 
  • Some Special Cases

Chapter 5: Data Handling

Squares and Square Roots

Chapter 7: Cubes and Cube Roots

Chapter 8: Comparing Quantities

Chapter 9: Algebraic Expressions and Identities

Chapter 10: Visualizing Solid Shapes

Chapter 11: Mensuration

Chapter 12: Exponents and Powers

Chapter 13: Direct and Inverse Proportions

Chapter 14: Factorization

Chapter 15: Introduction to Graphs

Chapter 16: Playing with Numbers

CBSE Class 8 Science Syllabus

Science is one of the most important subject in CBSE Class 8 syllabus. Science syllabus of class 8 contains a total of 18 chapter listed below. It describes some of the basic concepts of science that is the base for CBSE Class 10th syllabus. The NCERT 8th class syllabus has a total of 18 chapters.

Here is the list of topics in chapter-wise syllabus of CBSE Class 8 science:

Chapters Name

Important Covered Topics In Particular Chapters

Chapter 1: Crop Production and Management

Chapter 2: Microorganisms: Friend and Foe

Chapter 3: Synthetic Fibers and Plastics

Chapter 4: Materials: Metals and Non-Metals

Chapter 5: Coal and Petroleum

Chapter 6: Combustion and Flame

Chapter 7: Conservation of Plants and Animals

Chapter 8: Cell – Structure and Functions

Chapter 9: Reproduction in Animals

Chapter 10: Reaching The Age of Adolescence

Chapter 11: Force And Pressure

Chapter 12: Friction

Chapter 13: Sound

Chapter 14: Chemical Effects Of Electric Current

Chapter 15: Some Natural Phenomena

Chapter 16: Light

Chapter 17: Stars And The Solar System

  • The Moon
  • The Stars
  • Constellations
  • The Solar System
  • Some Other Members of the Solar System

Chapter 18: Pollution of Air and Water

CBSE Class 8 Social Science Syllabus

The CBSE Class 8 social science syllabus describes historical, geographical, and economic backgrounds of the country and the world. Further, it is categorized in History, Civics and Geography. Below is the detailed syllabus of CBSE Class 8.

CBSE Class 8 History Syllabus

Below is the detailed history syllabus of Class 8.

Class 8 History Detailed Latest Syllabus

Chapter 1: Where, When, How

  • How Important Are Dates?                                             
  • Periodization of dates
  • Sources Of History

Chapter 2: From Trade To Territory: The Company Establishes Power

Chapter 3: Ruling The Countryside

Chapter 4: Tribal, Dikus, and Vision of the Golden Age

  • Tribal Groups Habitation
  • Colonial Rule Affects Tribal Life
  • Birsa Munda-Case study

Chapter 5: When People Rebel 1857 And After

  • Policies And The People
  • Encounters by people
  • Mutiny And Popular Rebellion
  • The Company Fights Back and Aftermath

Chapter 6: Weavers, Iron Smelters, and Factory Owners

Chapter 7: Civilizing The “native” and Educating The Nation

  • How the British Saw Education
  • Tradition Of Orientalism
  • Education For Commerce
  • What Happened To Local Schools
  • Agenda For National Education
  • Tagore’s “adobe Of Peace”

Chapter 8: Women, Caste, and Reform

Chapter 9: The Making Of the National Movement 1870-1957

Chapter 10: India After Independence

CBSE Class 8 Civics Syllabus

Below is the detailed Civics syllabus of Class 8.

CBSE Class 8 Civics Syllabus 2024

Chapter 1: The Indian Constitution                   

  • Definition and need for a constitution 
  • The Indian Constitution and Its Key Features

Chapter 2: Understanding Secularism                              

Chapter 3: Why Do We Need A Parliament?

Chapter 4: Understanding Laws

Chapter 5: Judiciary

Chapter 6: Understanding Our Criminal Justice System

Chapter 7: Understanding Marginalization

Chapter 8: Confronting Marginalization

Chapter 9: Public Facilities

Chapter 10: Law and Social Justice

Class 8 Geography Latest Syllabus

Below is the detailed Geography syllabus of Class 8.

Class 8 Geography Detailed Syllabus

Chapter 1: Resources

Chapter 2: Land, Soil, Water, Natural Vegetation, and Wildlife Resources

Chapter 3: Mineral and Power Resources

Chapter 4: Agriculture

Chapter 5: Industries

Chapter 6: Human Resources

CBSE Class 8 English Syllabus

The English syllabus for CBSE Class 8 includes prose, poetry, grammar, and composition. Students are advised to must go through the Class 8 syllabus of English as this syllabus is almost similar as that of any competitive exam.

Here is the section-wise detailed syllabus of CBSE Class 8th:

Section A

Writing (English Composition): The class 8 syllabus also consists of certain important topics related to English writing which are provided as follows:

Writing (English Composition)

 Section 1                                                           

Essay Writing  

Section 2

Story Writing

Section 3

Notice Writing

Section 4

Diary Entry

Section 5

Formal and Informal Letter Writing

Section B

Grammar: Apart from literature, the class 8th English syllabus also comprises important topics related to grammar. The following topics are comprised in the CBSE Class 8 English Grammar Syllabus.


Topic 1            

Direct and Indirect Speech

Topic 2

Order of Words and Clauses

Topic 3


Topic 4


Topic 5


Topic 6


Topic 7

Active and Passive Voice

Topic 8


Topic 9


Topic 10


Topic 11


Topic 12

Phrases and Idioms

Topic 13

Comprehension Reading

Section C

English Literature: The CBSE Class 8 English Literature section is based on main textbook of English and a Supplementary Reader in English as follows:

English Literature 1: From Honeydew Book

Chapter 1                                                      

The Best Christmas Present in the World


The Ant and the Cricket

Chapter 2

The Tsunami


Geography Lesson

Chapter 3

Glimpses of the Past


Macavity: The Mystery Cat

Chapter 4

Bepin Choudhury’s Lapse of Memory


The Last Bargain

Chapter 5

The Summit Within


The SchoolBoy

Chapter 6

This is Jody’s Fawn


The Duck and the Kangaroo

Chapter 7

A Visit to Cambridge


When I set out for Lyonnesse

Chapter 8

A Short Monsoon Diary


On the Grasshopper and Cricket

Chapter 9

The Great Stone Face- I

Chapter 10

The Great Stone Face- II

English Literature 2: From It So Happened Book

Chapter 1: How the Camel got his Hump                                                                       

Chapter 2: Children at work

Chapter 3: The Selfish Giant

Chapter 4: The Treasure within

Chapter 5: Princess September

Chapter 6: The Fight

Chapter 7: The Open Window

Chapter 8: Jalebis

Chapter 9: The Comet – I

Chapter 10: The Comet – II

CBSE Class 8 Artificial Intelligence Syllabus

Artificial intelligence has become a part of our life, whether we like it or not. Studying Artificial Intelligence in Class VIII will have an influence on students’ future careers. Students who want to pursue Artificial Intelligence as a career path in the future will have a variety of exciting opportunities.

The sessions and activities of each unit in the Artificial Intelligence subject are given below.


  • Session: Introduction to AI and setting up the context of the curriculum
  • Ice Breaker Activity: Dream Smart Home idea
    • Learners to design a rough layout of the floor plan of their dream smart home
  • Recommended Activity: The AI Game
  • Learners are to participate in three games based on different AI domains.
    1. Game 1: Rock, Paper, and Scissors (based on data)
    2. Game 2: Mystery Animal (based on Natural Language Processing – NLP)
    3. Game 3: Emoji Scavenger Hunt (based on Computer Vision – CV)
  • Recommended Activity: AI Quiz (Paper Pen/Online Quiz)
  • Recommended Activity: To write a letter Writing Letter to one’s future self.


  • Video Session: To watch a video
    • Introducing the concept of Smart Cities, Smart Schools, and Smart Homes
  • Recommended Activity: To write an Interactive Story
    • Learners are to draw a floor plan of a Home/School/City and write an interactive story around it using the Story Speaker extension in Google docs.
      • Purpose
        • Session: Introduction to sustainable development goals
        • Recommended Activity: Go Goals Board Game
          • Learners to answer questions on Sustainable Development Goals.


  • Session: Introduction to sustainable development goals
  • Recommended Activity: Go Goals Board Game
    • Learners to answer questions on Sustainable Development Goals.


  • Session: Theme-based research and Case Studies
    • Learners will listen to various case studies of inspiring start-ups, companies, or communities where AI has been involved in real-life.
    • Learners will be allotted a theme around which they need to search for present Artificial Intelligence trends and have to visualize the future of AI in and around their respective theme.
  • Recommended Activity: Job Ad Creating activity
    • Learners to create a job advertisement for a firm describing the nature of the job available and the skill-set required for it 10 years down the line. They need to figure out how AI is going to transform the nature of jobs and create the Ad accordingly.

Artificial Intelligence

  • Video Session: Discussing AI Ethics
  • Recommended Activity: Ethics Awareness
    • Students play the role of major stakeholders and they have to decide what is ethical and what is not in a given scenario.
  • Session: AI Bias and AI Access 
    • Discuss the possible bias in data collection.
    • Discussing the implications of AI technology.
  • Recommended Activity: Balloon Debate
    • Students divide into teams of 3 and 2 teams are given the same theme. One team goes in affirmation of AI for their section while the other one goes against it. 
    • They have to come up with their points as to why AI is beneficial/ harmful for society.

CBSE Class 8 Syllabus – FAQs

What is the CBSE Class 8 Syllabus of academic year 2023-2024?

The CBSE Class 8 Syllabus for the academic year 2023-2024 includes five subjects – Hindi, English, Mathematics, Science, and Social Science. The syllabus outlines the topics and subtopics that students must study to build a strong foundation in each subject.

Why is it important for students to understand the CBSE Class 8 Syllabus? 

It is essential for students to understand the CBSE Class 8 Syllabus as it provides a roadmap for their studies. The syllabus helps students plan their studies effectively and ensure they cover all the topics and subtopics mentioned in it. It also helps students gain a deeper understanding of the concepts and builds a strong foundation for future studies.

Can students refer to other books or study material besides the CBSE Class 8 Syllabus? 

Yes, students can refer to other books or study materials besides the CBSE Class 8 Syllabus. However, they must ensure that the topics and subtopics mentioned in these books are aligned with the CBSE Class 8 Syllabus.

How can students prepare for their exams based on the CBSE Class 8 Syllabus? 

Students can prepare for their exams based on the CBSE Class 8 Syllabus by understanding the concepts thoroughly and practicing as many questions as possible. They can also refer to previous years’ question papers, sample papers, and other study materials to prepare effectively for their exams.

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